In Alpine Space, urban areas and the neighboring rural regions are facing problems in terms of landscape degradation, lack of water and soil quality, loss of biodiversity, territorial fragmentation, abandonment of the territory, intense use of the resources, social problems, quality of life decay.
A balanced development cannot be achieved with sectorial interventions but only by crossing the segmentation of the territorial policies. Therefore, Rurbance will develop cooperative and integrated governance models towards the implementation of Joint Development Strategies that induce territorial requalification processes in order to hand back value to the economic, social, environmental and cultural heritage that constitutes the identity of the territories as a whole. As a result, rural/mountain and urban communities become "equal players" in an inclusive decision making process.
A balanced model of economic development and lifestyle has to be found for these territories, combining the dynamic of the metropolitan areas with the natural attractiveness and know-how of rural and mountain territories in proximity. This concept puts the following open questions:
- how to conceive a common territorial development vision where all the territories are creators of value (economic, social, cultural, environmental)?
- how to create economic co-development by balancing the functional relationship among territories, by preserving natural resources and by providing an efficient and sustainable mobility?
- how to aggregate public and private stakeholders around a co-development model?
Rurbance wants to answer to the above mentioned questions through the definition and implementation of a good governance process, able to involve all the relevant actors and drive them towards common objectives.
Rurbance is co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) in the frame of the ETC Alpine Space Programme.
Rurbance aims at:
- reinforcing/orienting the existing governance models (creating new ones if needed) towards a cooperative approach for the definition and implementation of cross-sectorial policies
- establishing a co-deciding and co-designing process of the planning tools and socio-economic measures which will become usual for the decision-making at regional and local level
- designing an integrated territorial vision which will lead the local development policies in each Territorial System
- re-addressing plans, programs or projects for local development towards its approach
- giving inputs to EU, national and regional bodies for a better use of development and cohesion funds
Starting from the assumption that urban areas and the connected rural and mountain territories could be considered as an unique territorial system, Rurbance:
- identifies pilot areas representative of interface situations (“rurban” territories)
- supports projects and territorial strategies based on public-private cooperation
- produces a set of governance models to be integrated in regional, national and transnational strategies.
The final objective is the foundation of a new inclusive strategy able to raise the sectional policies to a new development scheme for competitive, balanced and winning territories. To this end the role of participatory approach is exceptionally important because local cultures, geographical conditions, economic structures and governance models are site-specific and have influence on planning decisions.
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Full edition (144 pages)